Energy sectors account for roughly two thirds (~64%) of total greenhouse gas emissions contributing to global warming. This includes everything from the fuels that powers our vehicles and heat our homes to commercial and industrial consumption of electricity and fossil fuels. Our researchers model various energy-production scenarios that would allow countries to decrease their carbon footprint while meeting goals for more sustainable growth and development. They also study the policies and incentives that govern decision-making around energy sectors, including the role of foreign investment in emerging markets.
China has committed to peak its CO2 emissions by or before 2030 under the Paris Agreement. Some strategies to move toward this target include substituting natural gas for coal and increasing solar energy production. Our researchers explore various energy scenarios and their projected opportunities or trade-offs for air quality, emissions, water, and human health.