Land is a finite resource, and one that must be managed carefully in order to feed growing human populations, protect biodiversity, store carbon to offset emissions, and stabilize the climate.
With a projected population growth of several billion people over the next 30 years, we must find ways to simultaneously increase food production while protecting the habitats and biodiversity that make life on this planet possible. Decisions around agricultural production methods, diets, consumption, biofuel production, and land use play a key role climate change and carbon sequestration, as there are important tradeoffs associated with converting land for other types of production or use.
As global temperatures continue to rise, agricultural productivity in regions will also change. Therefore, food production, economic development, migration, and climate change are deeply intertwined, and appropriate policies may help to balance competing needs and demands of communities and the environment.