Land is a finite resource, and one that must be managed carefully in order to feed growing human populations, protect biodiversity, store carbon to offset emissions, and stabilize the climate.
With a projected population growth of several billion people over the next 30 years, we must find ways to simultaneously increase food production while protecting the habitats and biodiversity that make life on this planet possible. Decisions around agricultural production methods, diets, consumption, biofuel production, and land use play a key role climate change and carbon sequestration, as there are important tradeoffs associated with converting land for other types of production or use.
As global temperatures continue to rise, agricultural productivity in regions will also change. Therefore, food production, economic development, migration, and climate change are deeply intertwined, and appropriate policies may help to balance competing needs and demands of communities and the environment.
The world’s human population is expanding, which means even more agricultural land will be needed to provide food for this growing population…
People around the world, especially in developing countries in Africa, Asia, and South America, consume wild game, or bushmeat, whether out of necessity, as a matter of taste preference, or, in the case of particularly desirable wildlife species, to connote a certain social status. Bushmeat consumption, however, has devastated the populations of hundreds of wildlife species and been linked to the spread of zoological diseases such as the Ebola virus.
Environmental challenges have galvanized activity across Princeton’s campus in recent years like few other issues in our history. From physical, biological and applied sciences to art, architecture, psychology, policy and more, research groups across the University are tackling some of the toughest problems facing humanity with the fullest range of toolkits.
Princeton’s vital research across the spectrum of environmental issues is today and will continue to be pivotal to solving some of humanity’s toughest problems. Our impact is built on a long, deep, broad legacy of personal commitment, intellectual leadership, perseverance and innovation. This article is part of a series to present the sweep of Princeton’s environmental excellence over the past half-century.
To both feed the world and solve climate change, the world needs to produce 50 percent more food in 2050 compared to 2010 while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by two-thirds. While government funding has an important role to play, a new World Bank report I wrote with seven co-authors found that agricultural subsidies are doing little to achieve these goals, but have great potential for reform.