Food, Agriculture, and Land

Land is a finite resource, and one that must be managed carefully in order to feed growing human populations, protect biodiversity, store carbon to offset emissions, and stabilize the climate.

With a projected population growth of several billion people over the next 30 years, we must find ways to simultaneously increase food production while protecting the habitats and biodiversity that make life on this planet possible. Decisions around agricultural production methods, diets, consumption, biofuel production, and land use play a key role climate change and carbon sequestration, as there are important tradeoffs associated with converting land for other types of production or use.

As global temperatures continue to rise, agricultural productivity in regions will also change. Therefore, food production, economic development, migration, and climate change are deeply intertwined, and appropriate policies may help to balance competing needs and demands of communities and the environment.

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June 9, 2022
Author
Written by B. Rose Huber, Princeton School of Public and International Affairs
The Institute Woods near Princeton University’s campus comprises 589 acres of serene walking trails and a wooden footbridge enjoyed by hikers, runners, and birdwatchers. Like many forests in New Jersey, this local landmark was a patchwork of farm fields and orchards as recently as 1940 — before regrowing into the verdant escape seen today.

Princeton voices: Speaking out on climate change, heat waves, wildfires and more
Aug. 10, 2021
Author
Written by Liz Fuller-Wright, Office of Communications

The triple-digit temperatures sweeping across the country this summer go far beyond routine weather fluctuations. Indeed, June 2021 was the hottest June in the history of national weather records, and by the end of July, fully 40% of the nation was experiencing drought, which contributed to a western wildfire season whose smoke reached…

How We Measure Biodiversity Can Have Profound Impacts on Land-Use
June 28, 2021
Author
Written by Liana Wait, School of Public and International Affairs

The world’s human population is expanding, which means even more agricultural land will be needed to provide food for this growing population. However, choosing which areas to convert is difficult and depends on agricultural and environmental priorities, which can vary widely.

Keeping More Ammonium in Soil Could Decrease Pollution, Boost Crops
May 26, 2021
Author
Written by Liana Wait, School of Public and International Affairs
Modern-day agriculture faces two major dilemmas: how to produce enough food to feed the growing human population and how to minimize environmental damage associated with intensive agriculture. Keeping more nitrogen in soil as ammonium may be one key way to address both challenges, according to 
People in Developing Countries Eat Less Wild Game as They Migrate from Rural to Urban Areas
Nov. 16, 2020
Author
Written by B. Rose Huber, Princeton School of Public and International Affairs

People around the world, especially in developing countries in Africa, Asia, and South America, consume wild game, or bushmeat, whether out of necessity, as a matter of taste preference, or, in the case of particularly desirable wildlife species, to connote a certain social status. Bushmeat consumption, however, has devastated the populations of hundreds of wildlife species and been linked to the spread of zoological diseases such as the Ebola virus.

Addressing humanity’s environmental challenges
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Author
Written by Office of Communications

Environmental challenges have galvanized activity across Princeton’s campus in recent years like few other issues in our history. From physical, biological and applied sciences to art, architecture, psychology, policy and more, research groups across the University are tackling some of the toughest problems facing humanity with the fullest range of toolkits.

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